Student Booklet - 9th KUP exam (White belt / Yellow tag)

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Student booklet / Main Menu Student Booklet - 9th KUP exam (White belt / Yellow tag) Exam 9th Kup
Student booklet


Select the level of the exam or the full booklet in the following box to have the theory you require  :



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Basic Knowledge





THIS MUST BE ALWAYS KNOWN, EVEN BEFORE THE FIRST EXAM FOR THE 9th KUP !!!

Tae-Kwon-Do.png

Korean is read from top to bottom. Taekwondo in Korean consists of 3 characters.

The top is "TAE", the middle is "KWON" and the bottom is the "DO".

Click on the image to enlarge.

What is Taekwondo?

TAE: Stands for all foot and leg techniques both in attack and in defense
KWON: Stands for all hand and fist techniques both in attack and in defense
DO: Literally means the "way", the "art". It is accompanied by a certain mental attitude namely: courtesy, integrity, indomitable spirit, perseverance and self-control.

Behaviour in the Dojang (CLUB)

Wearing watches, rings, earrings, and etc. is prohibited to avoid injuries.

On entering and leaving the dojang: greetings are mandatory. Greeting is expressed by bowing.

In the dojang, discipline must be followed. The Instructor does not leave the dojang during class unless exceptional circumstances appear.

The Tortoise

Tortoise.png

The turtle is the symbol of Taekwondo. A turtle symbolizes longevity (because she is old), so as the long life of Tae-kwon-do.

She has a hard shell and, therefore, she is protective and comprehensive. All the colors of the belts are built in it.

Click on the image to enlarge

Why do we greet ?

We salute to show our respect when entering and leaving the dojang and a new training partner.

In competition you also greet at first entering the ring in the beginning or abandoning it in the end.

We never turn our back to higher belts on competition, internships, classes, etc.

Exception : While we correct our dobok, we always turn back.

If we give a hand to someone (training, exam, etc.) we put our left hand under our right hand (knuckles under elbow) out of respect and to show that our both hands are weapon-free.

24 Patterns (TULS)

24Patterns.png

There are 24 patterns (tuls) because the life of a man, perhaps a hundred years,

can be compared with one day (which counts 24 hours) relativing to the eternity. Click on the image to enlarge

Founder Gen. Choi Hong Hi writes: "The pattern represents 24 hours. One day, or all my life. "

Taekwon-Do has 3200 different techniques.






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Historical background (TAEKWONDO YOKSA) for 9th KUP exam



Taekwondo is no ordinary sport, such as football or tennis. It is a martial art. Therefore, there are certain traditions and customs of the ancient Asia (in our case Korea) attached to it, therefore, Taekwondo has a certain philosophy behind it. To better understand for what tae-kwon-do actually stands for, here are some important notes about the origins, history, philosophy and principles of this Korean defense art. In the East, more than one martial art exist, they were originally practiced by monks, farmers, etc., they usually had to defend themselves against attackers with bare hands and feet without weapons. Korea was no exception. One of the Korean "martial arts" was Taek Kyon. From 1909 to 1945, Korea was occupied by Japan. The rulers triedto force Koreans to practice their own martial arts (ex. Judo, karate, etc.), for example, by prohibiting the Korean arts. Even though it was prohibited, Koreans practiced their own arts in secret to maintain the tradition for future generations.

General Choi.png

In 1938, Choi Hong Hi (the person who in 1955 will found modern Taekwondo) departed to Japan to study. In two years, he earned a black belt in karate. On his return to Korea, he devoted himself to the liberation of his country, and he was arrested and ended up in a Japanese prison. In 1945, Korea was liberated. Choi became a lieutenant in the Korean army. Increasingly, he realized that Korea had to get back their own martial art. Choi Hong Hi began developing new techniques and late 1954, the foundation for a new Korean martial art was laid down, which was named Taekwondo on April 11, 1955. The spiritual level of Taekwondo is derived from the traditional Korean ethical and moral values.

Even if taek kyon and karate were sometimes used as a reference at the physical level, the techniques, based on scientific principles (especially the laws from physics), show that Taekwondo is a different martial art (ex. wave motion and the relationship strength-relaxation).

Meanwhile, Choi became General, so he introduced his sport first into the army. In 1966 (April 22), the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) was established. As a result of the political pressure and the growing frictions between North and South Korea, General left again his homeland in 1972; he settled in Canada.

In South Korea, WTF (World Taekwondo Federation) was founded in response. Both forms of taekwondo have the same base but they have grown so much apart that the differences are greater than the similarities.

With the evolution of time and the changing needs of society, The General made more adjustments. The ITF Taekwondo was not only under the influence of its founder, it is also an evolving sport too. On June 15, 2002 General Choi died. Master Tran Trieu Quan (VIII degree then) was elected president of ITF. The present President of ITF is CHANG UNG.

As a summary : Taekwondo was founded in 1955 in Korea by General Choi Hong Hi, on April 11; it was the first time the name "Taekwondo" was used. ITF was founded in 1966. Tae-kwon-do has approximately 3,200 techniques



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Meaning of the white belt ( TI ) - 10th Kup




HowToTieYourBelt.png

White belt signifies innocence, like a beginner who has no prior knowledge of Taekwondo.
To know how to correctly tie up a belt, follow instructions in the image (click on the image to enlarge)









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Knowledge of Taekwondo for 9th KUP



Formal Titles



1st to 3rd DAN : BOOSABUM (Assistant Instructor)

4th to 6th DAN : SABUM (International Instructor)

7th-8th DAN : SAHYUN (Master)

9th DAN : SASUNG (Grand-Master)




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Counting



Number Korean Number Korean Number Korean
1 Hana 11 Yul Hana 21 Seumool Hana
2 Dul 12 Yul Dul 22 Seumool Dul
3 Set 13 Yul Set 30 Soreun
4 Net 14 Yul Net 40 Maheun
5 Dasot 15 Yul Dasot 50 Sheen
6 Yosot 16 Yul Yosot 60 Yesoon
7 Ilgop 17 Yul Ilgop 70 Ilheun
8 Yodul 18 Yul Yodul 80 Yudoon
9 Ahop 19 Yul Ahop 90 Aheun
10 Yul 20 SeuMool 100 Bak

Patterns (TUL)

With patterns movements, the taekwondo student set himself an imaginary fight in which both attacking and defensive techniques are used. There are 24 tuls in Taekwondo. The white belt teaches no real Tul, but teaches preparatory movements: SAJU JIRUGI (4 sides attack) and SAJU MAKGI (4 sides defensive).

Tips
  • Pattern must start and end at the same place.
  • Always correct posture, position, and composition.
  • The muscles of the body are completely relaxed after each movement. During the execution of each movement, the student must control the tension..
  • Perform Rhythmic movements not run stiff.
  • Both the left and right hand versions equally powerful. Perform each movement with a sense of realism.
  • Perform each movement with a sense of realism.

Principles/Tenets of Taekwondo (meaning of "do")


Tenets.png
  • Courtesy
  • Integrity
  • Perseverance
  • Self-control
  • Indomitable spirit


Click on the image to enlarge.



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The oath of Taekwondo (Kwaran soon soo)



I shall observe the tenets of Taekwondo.
I shall respect my instructors and seniors.
I shall never misuse taekwondo.
I shall be champion of freedom and justice.
I shall build a more peaceful world.




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Vocabulary for 9th KUP


Korean English
CHARYOT Attention
KYONG YE Greet
SOGI Stance
JIRUGI Punch
CHAGI Kick
MAKGI Block
JUMBI Get ready
SIJAK Start
KUMAN Stop
HAECHYO Cease
SWIYO Relax
DOJANG Training place
WEN Left
ORUN Right
NAJUNDE High
KAUNDE Middle
NOPUNDE Low
NAERYO Downward
OLLIGI Upward
AP Forward
DWIT Backward
YOP Sideways
BANDAE REVERSE
PALMOK FOREARM
JOOMUK FIST
SONKAL Knife-hand
HAESAN End of training



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Hand-Technique for 9th KUP




Korean English
AP JOOMUK BARO JIRUGI Front forefist middle obverse punch
NAJUNDE BAKAT PALMOK BARO MAKGI Low outer forearm obverse block
NADJUNDE SONKAL MAKGI Low knife-hand block
AN PALMOK YOP MAKGI Inside forearm block



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CHARYOT SOGI - Attention stance

Charyot Sogi.png




This is the position used for attention, before and after exercise.
1. Feet form an angle of 45 degrees.
2. Drop fists down naturally. The elbows are slightly curved/bended. 3. The fists are clenched slightly.
4. The eyes look forward, just above the horizontal line.





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GUNNUN SOGI - Walking stance

Gunnun Sogi photo uk.png




This is a strong position, both front and rear feet are offensive and defensive.

Move one of feet forwards or backwards. The length between both feet should be the length of the shoulders.
A stand with a length longer than a one and a half shoulder width makes the movement slow and one is vulnerable to attack from the side, front or back.
Bend the front leg so that the heel in a straight aligns with the knee. The rear leg has to be completely stretched.
Distribute your body weight equally on both feet. Make sure the toes of the front foot pointing forward.
The toes of the back-foot must be pointed 25 degrees outwards When this is more than 25 degrees, the rear leg is more vulnerable to an attack from behind.
Tighten the muscles of both feet with the sense to bring them together.
Tighten the muscles of both feet with the sense to bring them together.



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JUNBI SOGI - Ready stance

2FeetReady.PNG





Tae-kwon-do has many modes, which emerge in the patterns. The ready stance is not part of an action, but it is a position from which the student starts his pattern. This position is ideal for increasing the concentration.




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KYONG YE JASE - Greeting stance

Bending Attitude.png




This is the attitude and the movement that one must make when greeting the teacher, a fellow student, the jury and an opponent during competitions :

Bend the body 15 degrees forward.

Keep looking into the opponent's eyes.





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NARANI SOGI - Parallel stance

Narani Sogi Photo uk.png





Spread the feet parallel to the shoulders' width.

The toes need to be pointing forwards.

Fists are 5 cm away from each other and on the height of the belt and 7 cm away from the body.



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Preparation to tuls

Tul Preparation for the 9th Kup exam

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#Saju Jirugi
#Saju Makgi

 

Saju Jirugi




SAJU JURIGI IS NOT A TUL BUT A PREPARATION TO TULS

SAJU JIRUGI
Required for: 9th Kup
Meaning: Punch in all four directions
Diagram:
    Start/End in X

           N
           |
           |
           | 
 W ------- X ------- E
           |
           |
           |
           S
Movements: 14
Start position: NARANI JUNBI SOGI


Ready stance - NARANI SOGI facing S

  1. Move the right foot to S forming a right Walking Stance toward S while executing a middle punch to S with the right fist - GUNNUN SOGI KAUNDE AP JOOMUK JIRUGI
  2. Move the right foot to W forming a left Walking Stance toward E while executing a low block to E with the left forearm - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE BAKAT PALMOK MAKGI
  3. Move the right foot to E forming a right Walking Stance toward E while executing a middle punch to E with the right fist - GUNNUN SOGI KAUNDE AP JOOMUK JIRUGI
  4. Move the right foot to S forming a left Walking Stance toward N while executing a low block to N with the left forearm - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE BAKAT PALMOK MAKGI
  5. Move the right foot to N forming a right Walking Stance toward N while executing a middle punch to N with the right fist - GUNNUN SOGI KAUNDE AP JOOMUK JIRUGI
  6. Move the right foot to E forming a left Walking Stance toward W while executing a low block to W with the left forearm - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE BAKAT PALMOK MAKGI
  7. Move the right foot to W forming a right Walking Stance toward W while executing a middle punch to W with the right fist - GUNNUN SOGI KAUNDE AP JOOMUK JIRUGI
  • END OF RIGHT SIDE - Bring the right foot back to the ready posture.
  1. Move the left foot to S forming a left Walking Stance toward S while executing a middle punch to S with the left fist - GUNNUN SOGI KAUNDE AP JOOMUK JIRUGI
  2. Move the left foot to E forming a right Walking Stance toward W while executing a low block to W with the right forearm - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE BAKAT PALMOK MAKGI
  3. Move the left foot to W forming a left Walking Stance toward W while executing a middle punch to W with the left fist - GUNNUN SOGI KAUNDE AP JOOMUK JIRUGI
  4. Move the left foot to S forming a right Walking Stance toward N while executing a low block to N with the left forearm - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE BAKAT PALMOK MAKGI
  5. Move the left foot to N forming a left Walking Stance toward N while executing a middle punch to N with the left fist - GUNNUN SOGI KAUNDE AP JOOMUK JIRUGI
  6. Move the left foot to W forming a right Walking Stance toward E while executing a low block to E with the right forearm - GUNNUN GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE BAKAT PALMOK MAKGI
  7. Move the left foot to E forming a left Walking Stance toward E while executing a middle punch to E with the left fist - GUNNUN SOGI KAUNDE AP JOOMUK JIRUGI

End : Bring back the left foot into ready stance - NARANI SOGI facing S



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Saju Makgi




SAJU MAKGI IS NOT A TUL BUT A PREPARATION TO TULS

SAJU MAKGI
Required for: 9th Kup
Meaning: Block in all four directions
Diagram:
    Start/End in X

           N
           |
           |
           | 
 W ------- X ------- E
           |
           |
           |
           S
Movements: 14
Start position: NARANI JUNBI SOGI


Ready stance - NARANI SOGI facing S

  1. Move the right foot to N forming a left Walking Stance toward S while executing a low block to S with the left knife-hand - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE SONKAL MAKGI
  2. Move the right foot to S forming a right Walking Stance toward S while executing a middle side block to S with the right inner forearm - GUNNUN SOGI AN PALMOK MAKGI
  3. Move the right foot to W forming a left Walking Stance toward E while executing a low block to E with the left knife-hand - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE SONKAL MAKGI
  4. Move the right foot to E forming a right Walking Stance toward E while executing a middle side block to E with the right inner forearm - GUNNUN SOGI AN PALMOK MAKGI
  5. Move the right foot to S forming a left Walking Stance toward N while executing a low block to N with the left knife-hand - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE SONKAL MAKGI
  6. Move the right foot to N forming a right Walking Stance toward N while executing a middle side block to N with the right inner forearm - GUNNUN SOGI AN PALMOK MAKGI
  7. Move the right foot to E forming a left Walking Stance toward W while executing a low block to W with the left knife-hand - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE SONKAL MAKGI
  8. Move the right foot to W forming a right Walking Stance toward W while executing a middle side block to W with the right inner forearm - GUNNUN SOGI AN PALMOK MAKGI
  • END OF RIGHT SIDE - Bring the right foot back to a ready posture.
  1. Move the left foot to N forming a right Walking Stance toward S while executing a low block to S with the right knife-hand - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE SONKAL MAKGI
  2. Move the left foot to S forming a left Walking Stance toward S while executing a middle side block to S with the left inner forearm - GUNNUN SOGI AN PALMOK MAKGI
  3. Move the left foot to W forming a right Walking Stance toward E while executing a low block to E with the right knife-hand - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE SONKAL MAKGI
  4. Move the left foot to E forming a left Walking Stance toward E while executing a middle side block to E with the left inner forearm - GUNNUN SOGI AN PALMOK MAKGI
  5. Move the left foot to S forming a right Walking Stance toward N while executing a low block to N with the right knife-hand - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE SONKAL MAKGI
  6. Move the left foot to N forming a left Walking Stance toward N while executing a middle side block to N with the left inner forearm - GUNNUN SOGI AN PALMOK MAKGI
  7. Move the left foot to E forming a right Walking Stance toward W while executing a low block to W with the right knife-hand - GUNNUN SOGI NAJUNDE SONKAL MAKGI
  8. Move the left foot to W forming a left Walking Stance toward W while executing a middle side block to W with the left inner forearm - GUNNUN SOGI AN PALMOK MAKGI


End: Bring the left foot back to the ready posture NARANI SOGI facing S



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Grading to the 9th Kup (White Belt - Yellow Tag)



  • Basic knowledge of Taekwondo
  • Know how Taekwondo was created
  • Know when, where and by whom Taekwondo was created
  • Meaning of WHITE belt
  • To name (in Korean) all learned punches, blocks, kicks and stances, to show them and explain
  • Correctly perform SAJU JIRUGI (4 direction punch)
  • Correctly perform SAJU MAKGI (4 directions block)
  • To know and name titles of black belts (Dans)
  • To know meaning of Taekwondo
  • The 5 principles/tenets of the "DO": to name them explain and understand
  • To know the Oath of Taekwondo and be able to say it in right order
  • To be able fight without contact with partner for 2 min to demonstrate different techniques learned.



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