Student Booklet - 1st KUP exam (Red belt / Black tag)

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Student booklet / Main Menu Student Booklet - 1st KUP exam (Red belt / Black tag) Exam 1st Kup
Student booklet


Select the level of the exam or the full booklet in the following box to have the theory you require  :



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Hwa-Rang Historical background (TAEKWONDO YOKSA) for 1st KUP exam



"HWA-RANG" was named after the youth group HWA-RANG originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century.

The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do was developed to maturity.

End: Bring the right foot to MOA SOGI C



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Knowledge of Taekwondo for 1st KUP


Taekwon-Do is a Sport

To develop ITF Taekwondo as a sport and encourage greater participation in competitions, major changes will be made to tournament rules, to the competition calendar, and to the qualification process.

Training for umpires will be upgraded, and we will investigate the use of a computerized scoring system. Competitors will be happier and motivated to continue when our competitions are safer and scoring is more precise and reliable. Competitions held in well-known locations around the globe will focus attention on the ITF and will result in greater visibility.

Taekwon-Do is a Martial Art

To improve ITF Taekwon-Do as a martial art, there will be increased emphasis on the traditional core values and protocol. The teaching of self-defense our "raison d'être" will be improved. We will use seminars, documentation,videos, and other means of communication to spread knowledge of ITF Taekwon-Do, reaching out to new markets and to new participants, particularly women.

Taekwon-Do is a Way of Life

To demonstrate the value of ITF Taekwon-Do as a way of life, we must teach all facets of ITF Taekwon-Do, including the Do. I can tell you that General Choi’s true last wishes and words of guidance for us and for the future are found in the introduction of his last book Moral Culture. The General had come to realize that most of the emphasis had been placed on the teaching of the technical aspects of ITF Taekwon-Do. He felt it would be up to the next generation to give equal importance to the teaching of the Do.

We have already started working on a Code of Ethics based on the Do. In future, we will use all the resources available to us to teach the whole ITF Taekwon-Do: the technical and the Do. By studying the Do, our students will grow in understanding of the “why”, not only the “how”.

The ultimate purpose of life is the search for happiness. Many people suffer because they do not have the proper value system that leads to a balanced life and happiness. We have a solid philosophy and the tools to apply it in our lives. Now we must put in place a structure to teach the mental and spiritual aspects of ITF Taekwon-Do to our students so that they will be able to achieve a balanced life and happiness.

We have been teaching ITF Taekwon-Do as a way of life for some years and we believe we can help people to find a balance between family life, school or work, and ITF Taekwon-Do. Teaching this approach will open many doors to us.

Taekwon-Do can be a Tool for Social Development. To use ITF Taekwon-Do as a tool for social development, we must practice Taekwon-Do not just for ourselves, but also to improve life in our communities. ITF Taekwon-Do can be a powerful tool to help solve social problems such as drug abuse and juvenile delinquency, providing structure, discipline, and self-confidence that carry over into all aspects of life.

We hear a lot about efforts to reduce poverty in the world. By educating people with ITF Taekwon-Do values and practices, and by showing them that there is hope of improving their quality of life, we will be making an important contribution.

The ITF can develop programs such as intensive instructor training for the unemployed and ITF Taekwon-Do courses offered at affordable prices. Starting with small-scale projects, our success will attract the attention and support of international development agencies and governments around the world. In Canada we have had excellent results with this type of program, and we will assist you to implant pilot projects in your countries.

There is a lot of work to be done in this area, but there is also an enormous potential for improvement.

By striving to develop all four facets of Taekwon-do to the maximum, we can realize our full potential as individuals and as an organization. Working together, we can do great things!



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Hand-Technique for 1st KUP



Korean English
SONDABAK MIRO MAKGI Palm pushing block
AP JOOMUK OLLYO JIRUGI Front forefist upward punch
SONKAL NAERYO TAERIGI Knife-hand downward strike
YOP PALKUP TULGI Side elbow thrust
YOPAP MAKGI Inner forearm high side front block



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Foot-Technique for 1st KUP



Korean English
DOLLYO CHAGI Turning kick



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MOA SOGI C - Closed Stance

Moa Sogi C photo.png


A position held with the feet down together. Possible executable with full face or a side facing.

Some of the 24 patterns, starting with this position.



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SOOJIK SOGI - Vertical Stance

Soojik Sogi photo uk.png


When the right leg stands forward, this position is a right vertical position and when the left leg stands forward, it is a left vertical position.

The stand is always performed with a half face.

Move one foot forward or backward, so that a distance of one shoulder width arises between the two big toes.

The distribution of body weight is 60 percent on the rear leg and 40 percent on the front leg.

Make sure the toes of both feet face approximately 15 degrees inward. Keep the legs straight.



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Grading to the 1st Kup (Red Belt - Black Tag)


  • All the previous knowledge that you had to learn.
  • Meaning of "Hwa-Rang"
  • New techniques to know, being able to show and explain
  • Types of sine wave motions, being able to enumerate and explain
  • Correctly perform "Chon-Ji" tul
  • Correctly perform "Dan-Gun" tul
  • Correctly perform "Do-San" tul
  • Correctly perform "Won-Hyo" tul
  • Correctly perform "Yul-Gok" tul
  • Correctly perform "Toi-Gye" tul
  • Correctly perform "Hwa-Rang" tul
  • Correctly perform 12 different Sambo Matsugi's (three step sparring)
  • Correctly perform 10 different Ibo Matsugi's (two step sparring)
  • Correctly perform 15 different Ilbo Matsugi's (one step sparring)
  • 2 min fight with a partner for the purpose to demonstrate different learned techniques during a fight
  • 20 practical hosinsul techniques to perform with partner
  • Break test : 2 breaking techniques performing on wooden shelf of reusable shelf
    • TWIMYO DOLLYO CHAGI
    • DWIT CHAGI



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